The open joint-stock company the Aero-engine Scientific and Technical Complex «Soyuz» (Open Society AESTC «Soyuz») was created under the Decision of the State Committee of Defense ¹ 2916 in February 18th, 1943. By the order of the People's commissar of the Aviation industry of the USSR ¹ 118 dated on 2/25/1943 the name "Experimental works ¹ 300" was appropriated. Territorially the plant was placed on the bank of the Moscow river in Luzniki, on a factory "Orgaviaproma" ¹ 8 place, which had been evacuated in Kuibyshev (Samara).
The founder and the first head of plant was A.A. Mikulin who could convince the top management in necessity of creation first in the country experimental aviation works "for, - as was told in the Decision of state credit obligations, - maintenance of skilled design and experimental works on creation of aviation engines".
A.A. Mikulin was the an outstanding designer and the organizer. He created collective that laid the foundation for scientific and technical school «Soyuz». The big contribution to creation of this school brought B.S. Stechkin.
At A.A. Mikuline turbojets of the world-class level were created: ÀÌ-3 (for planes Tu-16, Ì-4, Tu-104), ÀÌ-5 (for Jak-25), RD-9B (ÀÌ-9) (for MiG-19), R11-300 (ÀÌ-11) (For Mig-21, engine finishing was at S.K. Tumansky).
Then engines R15B-300 (for MiG-25), R95-300 (for subsonic cruise missiles), R79V-300 (for Jak-141) and others were created.
All the above mentioned engines at the moment of creation were the best in the world.
In total «Soyuz» created 18 base gas turbine engines and 44 modified engines. By planes with these engines it has been established more than 100 world records.
Now the activity of AESTC «Soyuz» concentrates on two basic directions:
- Working out of turbojets for aircrafts,
- Working out of gas turbine drives for electro generators and gas-pumps and creation power installations on their basis.
In particular, a new demonstrator of double-circuit turbojet R127D-300 by 890 kg takeoff thrust for civil and gas turbine drive GTD-0,7-300 by capacity of 700 kW are being designed now.
Besides, various works on design support of serial manufacturing and expansion of functionality of engines of family R95-300 are spent. Works on power installations by capacity 30 and 0,3 MW proceed.
Scientific and technical and labor activity of the AESTC «Soyuz» collective has been rewarded by the Lenin's awards and the Labour Red Banner. Three employees of the enterprise got the rank of the Hero of Socialist Work, 10 employees became winners of the Lenin award, 12 – the State award, 3 persons became academicians, 1 has became a member-correspondent of the Russian Academy of Sciences (subsequently – the academician), 16 persons – doctors and from above 50 - candidates of science.
AESTC «Soyuz», in essence, became the ancestor of several aviation design bureau, having delegated the experts for consultation, organization and strengthening these design bureau. Those design bureaus are Tushinsky and Touraevsky design bureau, Ufa (experimental design bureau -26) and Kazan (experimental design bureau -16) design bureau which then became independent.
The basic dates in the history AESTC "«Soyuz»".
18.02.1943 – the date of foundation of the enterprise under the direction of A.A. Mikulin.
1943 - 1944 – the work on the piston subjects (AM-39 and others).
1946 – transition to the gas turbine subject.
1948 – creation of the first turbojet engine companies – AMTKRD-01 with a thrust of 3300 kg (in 1946 - the first hot start).
1951 – construction of a testing station.
1952 – the beginning of mass production engine AM-3.
1953 – the beginning of mass production engine AM-5.
1954 – start of serial production of RD-9B.
1955 – S.K. Tumansky was appointed as the head of the company.
1957 – start of construction of test facility in Turaevo near Moscow.
1959 – start of serial production of a engine R11-300.
1962 – start of serial production of a engine KR7-300 (äëÿ (to supersonic cruise missile).
1969 – start of serial production of a engine R15B-300.
1973 – O.N. Favorsky was appointed as the head of the enterprise.
1974 – start of serial production of a lift-cruise engine R27V-300 (for subsonic aircraft vertical takeoff and landing Yak-38).
1981 – start of serial production of a motor R95-300 (for cruise missiles Õ-55).
1986 – - start of serial production of a motor R95TP-300 (for cruise missiles Õ-59).
1986 – flight-design tests turboshaft engine TV-0-100 (Ka-126), manufacture and finishing is performed in conjunction with Omsk of the mechanical design bureau .
1987 – the first test flights of the supersonic aircraft vertical takeoff and landing Yak-141 with lift-the main engines R79V-300.
1987 – V.K. Kobchenko was appointed as the head of the company.
1991 – start of serial production of a engine R95TP-300 (for cruise missiles X-35).
1993 – Open Joint Stock Company "AESTC Soyuz was established.
2001 – M.O. Okroyan became the General Director of JSC AESTC "Soyuz".
2002 – bench testing of the demonstrator engine R125-300 (for tactical cruise missiles).
2003 – start of design power plant GTE-30-300 with capacity of 30 MW, established on the basis of engine components R79V-300.
2005 – N.N. Yakovlev appointed as the General Director of the company.
2007 – the control and management of scientific and technical activities of the enterprise entrusted A.N. Naumov.
2007 – testing of the demonstrator power plant with capacity of 300 kW,established on the basis of engine components R95-300.
2008 – L.N. Swedov appointed as the General Director of the company.
2008 – contract with a foreign customer to develop a demonstration engine R127D-300. A.N. Naumov appointed as the project Manager.
2009 – draft design of the engine R127D-300 (made the first phase of the
contract) was developed.
2010 – A.N. Naumov was appointed as the General Designer of AESTC "Soyuz".
2010 – the beginning of the design of gas turbine drive GTD - 0,7-300.
2011 – the beginning of engineering (working) design engine R127D-300.